INTRODUCTION GREEN HOUSE / POLY HOUSE

The next generation revolution in Indian farming…….. Green house.

 

Day by day the population is increasing and land holding reducing, since time immemorial, man has learnt how to grow plants under natural environmental conditions. In some of the temperate regions where the climatic conditions are extremely adverse and no crops can be grown, man has developed methods of growing some high value crop continuously by providing protection from the excessive cold, which is called as Greenhouse Technology. The future of Indian farming in India is protected cultivation with multiple solutions of today’s  problems in our agriculture.

 

Production in greenhouse is technology and technique of providing favorable environment to grow the plants. It is rather used to protect the plants from the adverse climatic conditions such as wind, cold, precipitation, excessive radiation, extreme temperature, insects and diseases.

 

It is also of vital importance to create an ideal micro climate around the plants. This is possible by erecting a greenhouse where the environmental conditions are so modified that one can grow any plant in anyplace at any time by providing suitable environmental conditions with less water, less human labour and less expenses.

 

Greenhouse cultivation as well as other modes of controlled environment cultivation has been evolved to create favorable atmosphere, which favours the crop production could be possible round the year production (even off season) of vegetables, flowers and fruits.

 

Greenhouses are framed by inflated structure of Galvanized Iron, covered with a transparent U.V. stabilized plastic film material in which crops are grown under controlled environment conditions. The design of our green house is based upon sound scientific principal facilitates for plants growth. 

 

Greenhouses and other technologies for controlled environment plant production are associated with the off-season production of ornamentals and foods of high value in cold climate areas where outdoor production is not possible. The primary environmental parameter traditionally controlled is temperature, usually provides heat to overcome extreme cold conditions. However, environmental control can also include cooling to mitigate excessive temperatures, light control either shading or adding supplemental light, carbon dioxide levels, relative humidity, water, plant nutrients and pest control.

 

Greenhouses are used for growing flowers, vegetables and fruits. And often use for nurseries of Seedlings / saplings of fruits, vegetables and flowers are grown in greenhouses in late winter and early spring, and then transplanted outside as the temperature becomes favorable. Start-up plants are usually available for farmers at transplanting time

 

Green House technology is highly relevant under Indian condition due to variant agro-climatic condition of the country. The list of advantages includes providing favorable micro climatic conditions for the plant, cultivation in all seasons is possible, higher yield with better quality production, less irrigation, suitability for cultivation high value croup and even off –season crops also, good control of pest and diseases, helping in raising early nurseries, round the year propagation of planting material production of the crops from wind, rain, snow, bind, hail etc.

 

Features:

  • Galvanized Iron Pipe structure.
  • Roof ventilation and side wall ventilation system with curtain.
  • Structure cover by UV stabilized polyethylene film.
  • Shading by thermal net
  • Insect net and Shade net for protected from insect

 

Advantages of greenhouses:

  • Off-season crop production possible.
  • The yield may be 2 to 10 times higher than that open cultivation. (Its depend type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities and type of seeds.)
  • Reduction labor cost then open farming.
  • Less requirements of water, compost, chemicals, pesticides.
  • Effective use of less water, compost, chemicals, pesticides.
  • Easy to operate, maintenance and controlling.
  • Pests and diseases control fast and easy.
  • Crop favorable and controllable ecological system.
  • Easy adoptable modern technology of farming